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Why is Cow Sacred to Hindus and Indian Civilization?

The Mughal Empire and Cow

Babar in his will ‘Tuzuk-e- Babari’ tells his son that, “Humayun should respect the sentiments of the Hindus and hence should not allow the cow to be sacrificed or killed anywhere in the Mughal Empire. The day any Mughal emperor ignores this will, the people of India will reject him”.

Many other Mughal Emperors like Akbar, Jahangir, Ahmad Shah had banned Cow Slaughter in their kingdom. Hyder Ali and Tippu Sultan who ruled the Mysore State in the present day Karnataka had made cow slaughter and beef eating a punishable offence and the crime would be punished by cutting off the hands of the person who committed the crime!

Today in India we have over 36000 slaughterhouses!  How did this massive turn around take place? But before that…

Science behind the Sacred Cow of Hindu Civilization

To understand that first we need to get back to the importance of cow in the ancient Hindu civilization of India. Cows are the most sacred animals to the Hindus and this is not without any reason. In fact the very word Cow in English is derived from the Sanskrit word Gau for Cow. So why are the cows so sacred to the Hindu civilization?

Hindus believe that all Gods and Goddesses live inside a Cow

Cattle – The backbone of Indian Agriculture

One of the most important reasons is that cows have been the backbones of Indian families and the Indian agricultural system ever since the dawn of this ancient Hindu civilization. Apart from the extensively used Cow’s milk which the ancient Indians used to collect only after the calf has had its share, the most important use of Cows was in Agriculture. Without Cow the Indian agriculture in those days was as good as gone, and this was one of the prime reasons why Hindus being nature worshipers also worshiped Cow. Cow’s urine was a natural pesticide, cow manure was a natural fertilizer. Cattle in ancient India had ensured that Indian civilization did not need any artificial pesticides or artificial fertilizers, both of which are extremely harmful for the farm soil and degrade soil quality over time.

Cows had their own shelters called Gaushalas (large places where the cows lived) which were many a times larger than the homes where people lived. There used to be people exclusively to look after the well being of the cows here and many a times they used to be the cow owners themselves who used to clean the Gaushalas everyday, feed the cows, take care of their health and so on . Every single festival of harvest had cow worship, house warming ceremonies had the ritual of taking the cow inside the house first and then pray to it to make the house prosper and flood with food grains, milk and butter.

Cows being fed at a Gaushala

Note that those were the days when food was grown in a healthy natural process. There was no industrial revolution, no artificial fertilizers, no chemical pesticides and insecticides. The entire Indian agriculture was based on the nature’s best fertilizer – Cow dung, and one of the nature’s best pesticide – Cow’s urine (along with the neem based solutions) were used extensively in the agriculture. Buttermilk again which is a derivative of Cow’s milk was used as an effective fungicide and weedicide.

And not without any reason, the Indian agriculture in those days was extremely productive thanks to the cow products. Farmers were happy, crops came on time, yield was high, prices were low for food crops, kingdoms even used to export their agricultural output, granaries were always filled, milk was abundantly available and so were its derivatives like Butter, Ghee etc which formed an important part of the Indian diet. Every religious institution, big farms, farmers, diary owners all had thousands of cows – the cows which had made the Indian economy rich and healthy.

Even today in African deserts were growing food is difficult and whatever grows must give a rich yield for people to have adequate food, fermented cow’s urine is used as a natural pesticide. Compare this with farmers today who spend thousands and thousands of rupees on artificial fertilizers and chemical pesticides, which not only make the food unhealthy, but also make the soil unproductive over time.

Cow slaughter and slaughterhouses are banned even today in Nepal. In India, very few are aware of the fact that Article 48 of the Indian Constitution (Directive Principles of State Policy) says clearly that the government must protect the cow, its progeny and other cattle used in agriculture, not just because the cows are sacred to Hindus but because Cows have been the backbone of Agriculture and milk production in this country ever since the dawn of civilization. To millions of poor families in India, even today Cow’s milk is the only source of nutrient to their kids and babies.

In India states like Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Chattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka etc have already banned Cow slaughter (Karnataka being a very recent addition). Cuba banned cow slaughter after its people virtually ate up all the cattle leading to a scarcity of diary products. Even Iran has banned Cow slaughter and note that it was at the request of a non-Muslim – Seth Merwanji Framji Panday that Iran – a muslim dominated nation had banned cow slaughter. Now compare this with India today where in the name of secularism we are killing our agriculture and degrading the farm soil.

British Rule and Slaughterhouses

Both Mahathma Gandhi and Pandit Nehru had declared before Independence that they would ban Cow slaughter in India after Independence. Obviously they didnt impose it. Why? Thanks to Robert Clive who had converted the Indian Muslims into believing that beef eating was their religious right. Cow slaughter had become a vote bank issue. How? Read below.

Robert Clive – the so called Founder of the British Empire in India who was twice the Governor of Bengal too – on entering India was astonished and amazed to see the success of the agricultural system here. He went on researching the reasons for the success of the Indian agriculture and discovered the root – The Holy Indian Cow. The entire hindu life style revolved around this animal, not just religiously, but socially. Cow was an integral part of a Hindu family as was any other human member in the family. He even found that in many places the total number of cattle was more than the number of humans living there.

Ancient Indians used cow urine, butter milk and manure, not artificial chemical fungicides and insecticides. Artificial pesticides also kill useful microbes in the soil which otherwise help plants absorb nutrients. So if one uses artificial chemicals in agriculture, plants will be devoid of nutrients because the useful microbes are dead. So then farmers also become forced to use artificial fertilizers because plants are not naturally able to absorb nutrient from the soil. So the artificial pesticides kick in a vicious cycle where the soil quality is constantly degraded. After all, the trees in forest grow healthy fruits without the need for any artificial fertilizers!

So Robert Clive decided to break the backbone of agriculture in India – the holy cows have to be targeted. And thus was opened the first slaughterhouse of cows in India in 1760 by Robert Clive at Kolkata. It had a capacity to kill 30,000 cows per day. And anyone can guess within a year’s time how many cows would have been killed. And within a century India had very little cattle left to sustain its agricultural needs. And Britain as an alternative started offering artificial manure, and in this manner urea, phosphate etc started getting imported from England. Indian agriculture had started becoming dependent on west invented artificial products and was forced to give up home grown natural practices.

Guess what, till 1760 most of India had banned not only cow slaughter, but also prostitution and drinking wine was banned as well. Robert Clive made all three legal and removed the ban.

Now the British had hit two birds with a single stone by this move. The first was to break the backbone of the Indian agriculture ie making cattle not available for agriculture. And the second?

Well, obviously Hindus did not work as butchers at the slaughter houses opened by the British. And of course the British were well known for their divide and rule policies which they practiced throughout their colonial kingdoms then. So what did they do? Well, they hired muslims as butchers and this was done in almost every slaughterhouse they opened. And this slowly pushed the muslims into believing that beef eating was their religious right.

What the Mughal empire had banned had been turned into a practice by the British empire. What Babur and Akbar termed as a crime was converted into a norm by Robert Clive. And today the soil of India is filled with artificial fertilizers and pesticides while the holy Cow cries in the slaughterhouses. While there were over 70 breeds of cows in the country at the time of independence, today we have only 33 and even among them many breeds are facing extinction.

Guess what happened to the man who started all this? Robert Clive became a opium addict and later committed suicide by stabbing himself with a pen knife after being unable to withstand the pain caused by the illness that had resulted from opium addiction.


1. Cow Protection in India – L.L. Sundara Ram, pages 122-123 and 179-190.
2. The foundations of the composite culture in India – Malika Mohammada
3. The Cow and the Koran – People for Animals
3. http://eng.gougram.org/cow-slaughtering/
4. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Clive,_1st_Baron_Clive

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Gurudev is the developer of Gurunudi AI Platform. This is his official website where he pens his thoughts on a wide range of topics, answers queries, shares resources and tools developed by him.


  1. Human is superior, or Cow is superior , i thing Cow is superior then Human i am right, because some Human praying ( worship ) Cow . If you worship somebody that mean that thing must superior then you. so Bull, cow and calf is more superior more powerful then human. only in India,

  2. What a load of crap. I can assure you that there is nothing inside a cow other than a gut full of food and manure. How could human beings be so stupid and low to the point that they eat cow shit and drink cow urine. Cows were made to serve us not the other way around, a cow will never do anything more than eating, drinking, urinating and defecating let alone have Gods in them or create the universe.

  3. I cant understand how people write such bull shit without have any clues of what they are doing. Hope the author just came out of some study classes. Just comparing the fascist regime with the current situation will be interesting. Too much lie …

    • Fucker
      I replied to the before comments check it.
      U all city guys are bull shit.
      U Know life as eating drinking sleeping nothing else.
      How u have become educated , We should blame this education system.

  4. Very good article. It also explains the FALSE AGITATION by so-called beef-eaters, and their FAKE crocodile tears !

    I have researched and found EVIDENCE that ANTI-INDIAN FORCES have joined hands to destroy India and discredit Hinduism. And once again they have targeted our Holy Cow, our Go-Mata.

    Saudi fanatics and fundamentalists, discredited leftists/ communists and Joshua Project Christian Missionaries have JOINED FORCES. They control Bollywood and petrol (Saudi funded) and left-liberal media (communists and Church) and are on a rampage to DESTROY INDIA and our ancient HINDU CULTURE !!

    Hence we have this concerted effort to make an issue about BEEF. IMO, those who want beef should go to SAUDI or AMERICA, and not hurt the majority sentiments.

    However the enemies of HINDUSTAN and DHARMA are SCARED!!!

    The Saudis are SCARED, the communists are FRIGHTENED and the Joshua Project Missionaries are TERRIFIED, as Modi-Parrikar-Doval handle them piece by piece,one at a time.

    • Can you please give your research findings sir. India contains not only the cow belt people. SOuth and East India are not in your cultural mindset.

      • South Indians do not eat beef except for Keralites, who eat beef due to the influence of Muslims and Christians. In the East, people do not eat beef, except those of the North-East, because they have little land available for agricultural settlements. So, South and East people are not in YOUR cultural mindset.

  5. Eye opening article…brillantly written…every article posted by you that i read brings me closer to my faith and makes me proud of my sanatana dharma..ancient hindus had a way of co existing with nature which sadly we have forgotten today.

  6. HOLY CAR!

    The phrase “holy cow” has
    been around so long that most people probably don’t even realize that it is
    basically a racist slur against the Hindus. The Hindus have never made a big
    deal about being offended by this silliness. In traditional Indian culture, the
    cow is certainly a big part of people’s lives. So I thought, isn’t the
    automobile as central a part of American life as the cow is to India? So I
    thought “holy car” would be a very appropriate exclamation!!

    Think about it…

    · Learning to drive a car is one of the more exciting experiences a teenager has.=
    · If you have a car, you’re much more likely to get a girlfriend.
    · The bus and train service in America is so lousy, you really need a car.
    · The car is a right of passage for teenagers.
    · If you have a family and no car, people are going to think you’re really weird, and the kids will have no friends, and will probably get beat up by bullies.
    · A lot of people are afraid of flying in airplanes, yet no one would admit being afraid to ride in a car, even though you’re much more likely to get killed in a car than an airplane.
    · If you don’t have a car or have an old car, you are considered a failure in life.
    · Even though in large cities there are commuter services that will take you into the city in comfort at far less cost than driving a car downtown, most people are willing to fight traffic and pay high parking garage fees.
    · How much money you spent on your car is a sign of your social status.
    · People spend huge amounts of money on cars instead of spending it on worthwhile things.
    · Cars polllute, cars kill, yet the car junkies keep on buying more and more and more cars–they can’t help themselves, and if you took their cars away, they wouldn’t know what to do.

    Now I’m not a man to point or judge.
    To bury a will or hold a grudge,
    But I think it’s time I said a few choice words
    About that demon the automobile,
    The metal monster with the polyglass wheels,
    The end result of a dream of Henry Ford.

    It seems your contribution to man,
    To say the least, got out of hand.
    Lord, Mr. Ford, what have you done?
    This world was once a garden spot,
    Now it’s one big parking lot.
    Lord, Mr. Ford, what have you done?

    All the cars in the world put end-to-end
    Would reach to the moon and back again,
    And there’d probably be some fool pull out to pass.
    It’s not just the smoke of the traffic jam
    That makes me the bitter fool I am
    But that four-wheel buggy’s a-dollarin’-me to death–=
    For gas and oil and fluids and grease
    And wires and tires and anti-freeze
    And then, them accessories, why that’s something else…
    You can get stereo tape and color TV,
    Back seat bar and reclining seats
    On top of those E-Z monthly payments.
    I figure that over a period of time
    This four-thousand-dollar car of mine
    Cost seventeen thousand dollars and fifty cents.
    But the thing that confuses me I guess
    Is the way we measure a man’s success
    By the kind of automobile he can buy.Song Lyrics “Lord Mr. Ford” by Feller)

  7. What’s the problem with cannibalism? As long as the dead one and hi/r family accept it? Murder should be illegal, but not cannibalism. I would be honoured to be eaten by my family.
    (What’s the problem? : Human flesh is as toxic and foul as city dogs and crows.)

  8. Stop spreading all such bullshits to show off urselves as gurus. try to be sensible. sorry I need not be so harsh towards you as I am a fool to expect sensibility from irresponsible gurus and self declared holy men

  9. Do you people have the real guts to impose a similar ban for all non-vegetarian foods? why should you holymen just confine your love only with the cows let it spill over towards all cattle and fish, crab and all other eatable marine species?

    • You must either be a moron, a shill for Big Petrol (agrochemicals), or you did not even read the article. The whole point of the ban on beef is the value of bovine to the agricultural industry. The author does not even bring up any religious views.
      (See Cuba, for example.)

    • Cow unlike other animals have played a big part in Indian civilization,it has always been the major source to diary products and they help in agriculture and transport.And that is the reason why they are revered as sacred.By the way,gurudev offered no objection towards banning of non vegetarian foods,unlike the west, india is blessed with abundant veggies,so we don’t have to resort to killing of animals for our food.

    • Cow is held sacred, so at least cow slaughter should be banned. Now don’t bring other animals and obfuscate things. It can be brought in a step by step manner.

  10. it has been estimated that around 1,500Mt of beef is consumed in India, which means ban on beef eating will create a food security crisis in the country. have any solution to tackle this issue? It seems nobody either right winged politicians or the so called holy men have given a thought over the starvation to be created by banning beef eating.

    • Starvation will come due to dependence on petrochemicals and weak, monocultured, hybridized crops. i.e., Monsanto syndrome.

    • every yer more than 4000 MT of rice and wheat and other grains are wasted due to excess production for which govt have not proper storage, so don’t worry about food security, India have enough agriculture capacity

    • If you just don’t eat beef..you won’t die.. so many cows saved would have overflowing source of milk. Milk is healthier to body than red meat. Also if I develop a taste to human flesh…will you allow me.will you make India the largest exporter of human flesh?

    • Oh man..You are blatantly talking just to raise a fight. Cows and other animals are to be protected as Farm animals as their value in agriculture. Cows cost less than tractors, pollute less than tractors and give babies too unlike tractors. Feeding cows is cheaper than tractors. Cost of fertilisers is higher than dung. Cost of urine of cow is lower than insecticides. That is why we protected cows. More the cows get killed more you spend on tractors and artificial fertilisers etc. Just fighting who eats or do not eat is not the point of topic. Had there been enough catitles there would be no farmer suicide.

      • @Harsha : How many cows and ox u have at home? Both of them have a healthy/reproductive age and after that it becomes a burden. Farmers have to take care of the unhealthy animals for a life time. Your farmer suicide formulae is good for laugh. Take a couple of old bull and non milking go-matha to your home and see the costs, The farmers are not able to sell off them also now. Who is benefited? Unauthorised slaughter houses who exports the meat. They get them at throw away cost.

  11. cows are our go mata and we cant show our disrespectful to her by slaughtering her. She must also be given full opportunity to live like us. This is not fair at all. If we did not make anybody’s life how can we take away its? we must remember god is present in every creature.

  12. The reason for cow slaughter in India is not convincing to me. The slaughtering of cows might have started even before, like when the muslims came to India. After the coming the coming of the muslims, they MAY have started slaughtering cows.

  13. Here is an easiest and logical way to prove why cow is regarded as divine.

    We all have high regards to our mothers as she has brought us to this world. She has nourished us with her milk along with love and affection. She never ever thinks any harm for us. That is why Mother is regarded as divine. “Maatrudevo bhava”. This also goes to good women in general.

    The same logic applies to a cow also. Ony thing is we are not born in her womb, but we are nourished by her and raised by her side. All mammals have a bond with their mothers. So do we.

    TLDR; “Kiling a cow is like killing your mother”

    • Humans are fed even on buffalos milk. So according to your explanation for cow you must be considering buffalo also your mother.

      • You are right to some extend, but as buffalos milk is only value add to humans and no other stuff, so it is like step mother for us and like real one for you …:-)
        Difficult for you to understand as it needs human basic intelligence which you get by drinking cows milk and not by eating flesh..

  14. Hi Gurudev,

    I just found something recently in facebook that gives some references to our ancient scriptures where it mentions about the practice of killing cows. The references are as follows:

    1)Mahabharata, 500 B.C.: King Rantiveda slaughters 2,000 cows a day in his royal kitchens and distributed beef along with grain to apparently grateful Brahmins, the Hindu priests.

    2)Charak Samhita, 100 B.C.: Flesh of cow is prescribed as a medicine for various diseases. It is also prescribed for making soup and advised as a cure for irregular fever, consumption, and emaciation. The fat of the cow is recommended for debility and rheumatism.

    3)Taittiriya Brahman , 500 B.C.: Verily the cow is food.

    4)Yajnavalkya, one of the most popular hindu sages: ”Some people do not eat cow meat. I do so, provided it’s tender.”

    5)Sacrificial offering for Indra, the rain God and Agni, the fire God, are bulls and cows. (Perhaps that is why we are having less rain, as we stopped sacrificing cows.)

    6)Vedas have mentioned 250 animals out of which at least 50 are fit for sacrifice and human consumption.

    7)Manusmriti did not prohibit the consumption of beef.

    I don’t know to what extent the above points are genuine references. I could find only the reference to Charaka Samhita. Not sure about the others. I see that the non hindu people are taking this as a reference and arguing about the Holy cow concept.

    What are your views on the above references. Is it true that killing cows were part of ancient Vedic custom? Please pour your views on the above.

    • Kindly, dont believe in these things. Read the scriptures first. cow is basis of Hindu religion. A person killing or selling a cow is not a Hindu. These false facts were given by western historians to distort rich Indian heritage and culture and to provoke muslims to kill cows so that India wont unite ever. How can a person kill animal, if same thing be done to humans then? You kill a life, think about it!
      Indian civilization is nearly 2.5 crore years old. This is 17th kalyuga. Its length is 4000*365 years.Only 7500 have passed. Hindus should first read their scriptures properly

      • Mr Arya dont you know that plants do have life as established by our great scientist, Jegadeesh Chandra Bose. can you cease eating plants. Our eating habits evolved as the convenience of a community. And please open your eyes to know that not all hindus desist eating beef. If you dont like beef or any other meat keep it with you. You can at the most insist your dear and loved ones keep away from meat eating. Don’t just arrogantly poke ur nose into habits of others.

  15. It’s apparent from the reactions that their is certain amount of assent as well as dissent among people regarding this article. But I’m glad to see the unanimity among all of us with a serious concern over safety of Cows and its progeny.

    We should judge a person(or his article) from his objective and not his narratives. And I think, for all, what the author has tried to convey through this article, irrespective of his sources and findings, is to enlighten and unite us for voicing against Cow-slaughter. And for this we owe him an applause.

    If there’s something worth taking from this article and implementing for the fulfillment of the purpose, it would be becoming Vegetarian thus giving equal importance to all living being.

      • Halo Guru friend, even to be a vegetarian you need to kill a life. Yes. Plants do have life man as established by our great scientist, Jagadeesh Chandrabose.

        • I think Human Beings are divided into two..! One side people can understand the meaning of pity,sympathy and the meaning of True Human Being.. On the other side people don’t even care what is on their plate for eating, whether it is beef, Human flesh. Only taste matters for such a sense less creatures.

    • Dont you know that Jagadeesh Chandrabose has already established that plants do have live. why dont you treat that life equal too. JUST CEASE EATING PLANTS.

  16. Its based on “Tuzuk-e- Babari”, the will of Babar, and the book “Cow Protection in India” by L.L. Sundara Ram, pages -122-123, 179-190.

  17. enlightened Muslims should understand the sentiments of hindus and should not slaughter cow or eat beef. they can eat goat, sheep, fish etc. If muslims voluntarily give up cow slaughter it will be healthy example for all and lead to hindu-muslim unity.

    • More than hindu sentiments it has to do with protecting the quality of our agricultural soil, revert back to the natural process of using cow urine as pesticide and cow manure as fertilizer, instead of using harmful chemical pesticides and artificial manure, which kill essential microbes in soil, make plants devoid of natural nutrients and degrade soil quality over time.

      • your knowledge about agriculture seems nil Mr itzguru. usage of animals in agriculture has been replaced by modern implements. we have tractors that now plough the land more efficient than the oxen. And practically speaking avoid using pesticides will drastically bring down food production. Remember the famines India faced before the implementation of green revolution. We are a big country to feed much more stomach. So dont just think only of the high caste stomachs. We are a lot here outside.

    • I strictly oppose your thought, one should have compassion towards every living being, not just few of their own choice. As, every living being deserves freedom to live. Take it as a positive criticism.

      • I agree . why dont eat humans then. Both have life : animals as well as humans. So bad people dont understand that animal you killing has a family like you have

        • Everything has s life the vegetable you eat, three fruet , plant , water insects animals and air you inhaling, you…..can you count howmany of them you kill. Per day

          • The answer is very simple.” You meat lovers don’t have sense to understand how humans differ from animals. I say only looks make that difference. Otherwise some human beings are worse than animals. Don’t you think Animals too have all feelings such as sorrow,pain, agony, love,affection, even better common sense than so called human beings. Think Think self proclaimed Human Beings……………..!

    • will you speak for a ban on pork Shukla to satisfy the muslims? why confining ur love only with beef my `cow boys’ (sons of cows)

  18. really it is a very good article ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,cow slaughtering should be banned,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,aur westurn culture ko to latt marke bhga do vapis brtiain……jai hind

  19. I’ll simply say who ever comits a crime, has to pay for it one day !! So, did Robert Clive. ->What ever goes around, comes around.

  20. Firstly, I could not find any relevant sources which confirms cow slaughter was banned during Mughal rule. Even if they did, it does not stand a justification that it should be continued today. Things change over the years.

    Secondly, Robert Clive opening the first slaughter house of cows in 1760 does not mean that was the first time in India that cattle were killed for food. Slaughter House only denotes a facility (mostly mechanized) dedicated for animal slaughter. Local butchers were available to carry that job out prior to slaughterhouses. People even used to hunt animals in the wild mostly for food which I’m sure you can find references in Hindu puranas.

    Christianity arrived in India much before the mughals; infact much before it did in some european countries! St.Thomas arrived at Kerala in 52AD. Now southernmost part of India, atleast current day Kerala and Tamilnadu, were not ruled by the mughals but by the local kingdom who enjoyed an alliance with the mughals. So even if mughals banned cow slaughter, it must not have affected the christians living down south. I’m using Christians only as an example here, but there must have been many other pagans who resort to beef as food.

    In any case, I’m sure southern India were introduced to beef not by the influence of British.

    • Just because there were mistakes done in the past doesnt mean we should continue them even today. The justification to ban cow slaughter is not religious or emotional grounds alone. It is more on the scientific grounds.

      Look at the immense harm it has caused to the Indian agriculture, look at the degradation in soil quality, farmers used to get pesticides and fertilizers for free from these cows, and also used to sell its milk and dairy products. But today they have to pay hefty sums for artificial chemicals which actually kill the soil by also destroying essential microbes used by plants to absorb nutrients from the soil. The diverse breeds of Indian cattle have disappeared. A day will come when you won’t get milk or dairy products – human population is increasing, cattle population is decreasing. You want more reasons than this to ban cattle slaughter?

      • Finally someone who actually read the article before commenting. People always feel the need to comment about religion even under articles that are based on science.

  21. Dear Gurudev, this is a decent attempt, and reading the comments I can see a real concern towards cows.

    Kindly note that the entire anti-cow slaughter mindset cares ONLY about cows, their close relatives buffalo are not so fortunate, even though they have provided many many things towards comfort of human beings.

    The male bovines were always suffering throughout last several centuries, right from the times humans started domesticating them.

    The real solution is to go vegan. Going vegan has 3 fold benefits – ethical, environmental and health.


    • Guys- dont play our dietitians. Cow meat is in OUR culture. Dont push your cow ethics and culture to ours- pls. 60 odd years – you tried to push your language- without much success. Understand that India is a heterogeneous society with different language, culture, ethics and environment. Allow others to do what they feel right.

  22. come on guys…india is a secular country..every religion has the right to live in this country..if one religion cannot kill it doesnt mean that all others should follow..If tomorrror I start a religion and says the plants are my god and it is because of them we even survive no one will stop eating them…One who doesnt want to eat dont eat..thats all, dont be so ignorant guys…

    • Why not you read ” Manu smriti”  chapter 5
      No 30….  And No 35

      RigVeda  book 10 hymns 16 , 86

      chapter no 88 read what  Bhishma said…

       and  Manu smriti chapter 3

      You will get the answer.

  23. I am shocked to know the facts about our Mugal regime and pay my regards to them for their kindheartedness towards our motherly COW. This facts were not known to me.See the result of misdeeds of British regime who lost its control from allover the word one after another.

  24. I am shocked to know the facts about our Mugal regime and pay my regards to them for their kindheartedness towards our motherly COW. This facts were not known to me.See the result of misdeeds of British regime who lost its control from allover the word one after another.

  25. All is false…….even mughals were the people who used to hang the cow in temples and cut them like anything…they were the ones who even today are allowed to eat beef….and promote cow slaughtering …………this all is written just to praise the mughals…

  26. It is very shameful and heinous crime to kill the cow in slaughter house.India is a country where lord rama,krishna,gautam buddha ,mahavir swami and mahatma gandhi were born.We all should raise our voice against this crime.Government should also make a strict law against this………….

  27. exellent article much informative eventodayin imagination if I meet robrtclive i`ll comment edited by moderator. but do u hav a referrence to the statement that babur , akabar , hyumayun even banned cow slaughter aurangazeb bcoz while telling everyone , no one wil believe without evidance n proof.

  28. Some has said that our basic commonsence should be questioned. Though we believe that cow is a sacred animal not only for Hindus but even Muslims in Mugal period had ban the killing of cow. Britisher were ruling
    in India. But now we are independent. Why should we kill the animal. If country like Iran can stop killing why cant we ?. But unfrotunately our life style is changed so much and we have become so indifferent that we can not think good of our own. We should strongly opposed the killing of animals in India. More than 36000 slaghtur house will ruin the India. Today we are getting milk at Rs 4o/ Per Ltr. In coming years milk will become history for coming generation. Let us deside to do something constructive to stop this killing of innocent animals.

    • Its all because of our politicians who are still following the divide and rule in the form of votebanks, religion and caste. We dont have any long term strategy for the food security, defense security, economic security etc. We are only reacting and not being proactive. Look at the way prices of vegetables fluctuate every year, last month Tomato was 30 Rs per kilo and today it is 10 Rupees! We have absolutely no planning or control on the happenings and are somehow continuing to manage till now. Imagine if rains fail for a complete year, what is our backup plan to feed a billion plus people? We dont even have granaries to properly store what we produce. Hundreds of tonnes of grains, wheat, rice etc go rotting every year.

    • When during 2011-12 was milk Rs.40 a litre??? Last I checked, Nandini milk in Bangalore is less than Rs.30 a litre.
      The important point is price of milk, unlike petrol, is not rising due to shortage but due to expenditure incurred in maintaining the cow. Farmers are demanding more money and it is not the milk federations demanding a hike in prices due to milk shortage. Ban on cow slaughter will not bring down milk prices.

      • What logic? Of course prices will go down if you have more cattle because there will be more supply of milk. It is simple demand vs supply economics.

        The reason for rising milk prices is decreasing cattle population and increasing human population. Look at the amount of dairy products we consume every day in the form of milk, butter, ghee, ice cream, cheese and so on. At this rate in future we will have to start importing milk. Our milk production is growing at around 2% rate while demand is growing at around 10%! Its just a matter of time before demand overtakes supply.

  29. Excellent article! .. i didnt know many of the facts you listed here so thanks! :)
    I am a pakistani and it hurts so much to see how this division has lead to so many grievances and such a huge divide! Surely the divide and rule succeeded .. and the facts in this article were the seeds .. a single seed will lead to many branches .. and here many seeds were sown.
    So much is wasted from both sides on defense which had this division not occured .. could have been spent on welfare .. Its such a waste!
    You are right .. people will not stop at playing god when it satisfies their desires .. Our ancestors were just too naive, trusting and loving people .. and the Brits manipulated them!
    Thanks a lot once again :)

    • Good to hear on this blog from a Pakistani :)
      Yes definitely the divide and rule succeeded and we have warring sides at the border and we are spending more money on bombs and missiles than for the development of the country. I really dont understand what the partition achieved in the first place because today more muslims live in India than in Pakistan or Bangladesh, and more importantly they all are living in greater harmony with Hindus and other religions except for a very few isolated incidents which happens in any multi-ethnic society.

      The partition has caused problem from 1947 till to date and created an artificial divide which otherwise would have made the subcontinent a great international power. Also the rise of religious fundamentalism is a cause of greater concern in the region today. The partition and the after math wrong decisions by Pakistani leadership have made Pakistan a epicenter of religious fundamentalism. Why should we always be fighting like this. Cant we live like how US and Canada live for instance? If France and UK who fought numerous wars can unite, if European union can be formed, why cant we live like that? Why are we having events like 26/11 which only increase mutual suspicion? Definitely with the British, the politicians and decision makers of today are to be equally blamed as well.

  30. very nice article, but felt sad when you said means donot matter, hook or crook achieve the goals, i still somehow feel after all the wear and tear somehow truth will prevail,truth will reincarnate , we may see a temporary triumph of evil but the strongest peril of truth will unfold ,my fav childhood quote Gods mill grinds slow but sure. :-)

    i think the best religion is ones conscience , if you follow it blindly even if it takes you to death, it will give you an everlasting peace which nothing else can equate.

    • Thanks for the comments Pavani:)
      What I meant was – superpowers have become so because they did not care about the means to achieve their ends. Be it the colonial powers who conquered and ruled different parts of the world, or the modern super powers or the ones in waiting like China. It may sound bad, but what is happening in todays politics is this. Politics is no more Rajadharma today, and the neeti is removed from rajneeti. But yes, yet another sambhavami yuge yuge will happen to overcome this. That is the cycle of time. And yes, nothing should be followed blindly and even the basic commonsense should be questioned.

  31. Dear Gurudev on this particular subject I send you an mail requesting some data, I would be grateful if you could look into it and reply.

    • No Sainath, the reply to that comment is
      While we as kids are taught all good stories through our moral science books, at home etc, as we grow up we are taught about other so called facts which have an overriding influence over these stories, and at youth when people are at an age of wanting to achieve something such overriding facts have a larger influence on our minds. It is like the Asimov’s laws where one law overrides the other.

      It all has to do with the kind of society we grow in as we grow up. The momentum of the childhood has to be maintained atleast till the age of 18-20, and only then we can have humans who stand by humanity, instead of limiting themselves to a section of it. Unfortunately the kind of society we grow up in today mostly influenced by the news channels who are interested only in negative news which occupies more than 90% of the airtime, and the education system which makes every student individualistic and self-centered than social centered, the output is selfish professionals who think about themselves first, and get confined to their locality, religion, circle, caste, etc. Most of them are more interested in promotions, money, wealth than achievement, serving the society, protecting nature, etc.

      And it all starts at the school level. Were marks are given more importance than knowledge. Irrespective of what you know what matters is how much you score. It doesnt matter if one has mugged up the entire textbook without understanding an iota of what they have mugged up, and I have scores of such people scoring good marks. There was one guy in our computer science class who used to mug up C programs and attend the practicals! Grade systems are best systems were we simply say whether a student is grade A or B or C. That would create a healthy competition, unlike a marks based system which would put up a competition between two students who get first and second rank. That would also make a student group oriented than become individualistic by scoring first rank. Ranks are fictitious and dont mean much, which is why you see that not every body who gets a first rank becomes a great achiever nor those who get on average 50% always only remain in low profile posts. And another drawback is less practicals more theory, which would also result in the student being theoretical throughout his life not understanding what he says :)

      In that way I completely agree with the movie three idiots, just let the student achieve in what is his passions, and then both life and job would be fun for him as well as he will do great achievements. Else job will be a headache, and life would become mechanical, and India would remain as is. A country of over a billion population, but number of achievers in this huge population?? By achievement I mean not just some inventions, but anything that would improve the society and make Earth a better place to live in.

  32. I respect the Indians have for the cow and it was only because of the various use cow was of to the humans in ancient times. Cow was the center of agriculture and the family but equally important were the oxen, bulls, horses, the dog and even hens and fishes. Animals have been tremendously useful. Cow is respected more so even though there is list of important animals including bulls and oxen which make the cow milk productive.
    The thing with Indians is that we respect a single thing and will do it 100%.
    let me tell you in the run from a small invisible animal to a primate and a human we have cycled through hard carnivore habit. We have surpassed ice-ages by eating other animals only because the the vegetation wont grow in ice. the cow only gives milk till a certain age and then their no rises sharply leading to a load on society. The rural setup may withstand but urban system will simply crush as we still have to follow the natural chain. in natural process cattle will be killed by carnivores to lay balance in no but human societies will secure cattle to increase their numbers that becomes detrimental. medically animal protein source is vital and cannot come from any other source. faith is one thing and scientific revelation another. Why only cow be safeguarded and not other useful animals. I don’t think a respect should be indiscriminate and so many symbolism which is now so prevalent in Hinduism today are of any virtue. Cow is also an animal if we get out of our preoccupation. I cannot question the imagery Indians have with the cow which has been only carries since the very ancient times when the current norms are new a bit. In cities dogs safeguard your property and lives while one can hardly see any cow in a city. One can respect a cow but stopping someone from eating beef as their practice cannot be rational. I’m myself a veg, right but faith and science must strike a balance. this is my thought though.

    • Very true Dr. Shailesh. The intent of the article was not to ask those who eat beef not to do so, but to bring out a historical truth of who actually started slaughter houses in India and take out the myth that cows were killed during the mughal period. While all animals are equal, not all animals are equally beneficial to the humans. The importance given to cows was because of its milk and manure. In ancient days babies who lost their mother or whose mothers didn’t have enough milk used to be fed with cow’s milk. Cow’s milk formed a large part of the vegetarian diet – be it not just milk, but also curd, butter milk, ghee, butter and what not. And as you said, it was not just cow, but the entire cattle species were considered sacred, bull is worshipped in the form of nandi all over the country. Dogs are also worshipped by Hindus in the form of Narayana and Dattatreya. And for that matter it is again not just cattle or dogs, but all forms of life are worshipped by Hindus – be it snakes and offering them eggs and milk, be it buffalo, be it peacocks, be it swans, be it tigers, be it lions, be it rats and so on. Cows look to be respected more because they were the ones that are domesticated more. It is only Hinduism which believes that reincarnation also happens across life forms. A human in this life might be some insect in his earlier life and a tree before that. No other religion in the world give this kind of equal status to all life forms.

      And in that sense, even humans are just another primate species from Africa, and for some aliens who invade Earth human flesh might be tastier than other animals :)

      True faith is one thing, and science the other. And today science says that the answer for world food shortage is vegetarianism. You require more resources, more land to grow crops to feed chicken, cattle, pigs etc than to grow food crops for direct human consumption in the same land. Human digestive system is more related to herbivorous than carnivorous, our teeth is more like that of cow and not like that of tiger. When a person suffers ill health one of the first thing that a doctor advises is to go low on non-veg.

      Probably you can provide your views on these articles on vegetarianism

      • Dear gurudev, both ur answer and Dr Shailesh’s opinion is coming out of your imaginations. Always u need to substantiate your statements ( both gurudev and Shailesh ) by authorized books. why should I believe in your theories or the popular ones? fact must be told.. not the theories prevalent.. COW is not just another domesticated animal. Dr Shailesh professes that scientific revelation say other thing.. and hence old cows can be killed.. but dear Shailesh – take cow dung and cow urine and perform experiments in the lab. you will know that they contain v. imp anti-bacterial, anti -fungal properties and much more. cow dung and cow urine never smell putrid unlike other animals!. COW is one of our mothers and a divine blessing of God on humanity. Learn more on these subjects – before commenting on unknown horizons. but thanks for both of your interest in mother cow.

    • Dear Dr. Shailesh, animal protein is not at all vital medically. Kindly do not spread myth. Plants are also very good sources of proteins and you are conveniently ignoring numerous ill-effects of eating meat.

  33. Great to know, Dhanyawad.


    Living, I yield milk, butter and
    curd, to sustain mankind
    My dung is as fuel used,
    Also to wash floor and wall;
    Or burnt, becomes the ash,
    When dead, of my skin are
    sandals made,
    ‘Or the bellows at the blacksmith’s
    Of my bones are buttons made…..
    but of what use are you, O Man?

    • Remembered similar lines in old kannada song by PBS/Dr. Raj

      nInArigAdeyO ele mAnavA
      hari hari gOvu nAnu

      iTTare sagaNiyAde taTTidare kuruLAde
      suTTare nosalige vibhUtiyAde
      tattadE hAkidare mElu gobbaravAde

      hAlAde karedare mosarAde hettare
      melgeneya kadidare beNNeyAde
      mElAda tuppavU nAnAde kAsidare

      hAdi bIdiyalli kasada hullanu maidu
      bandu manege nAnu amRuthavanIve
      adanuMDu nanageraDu bageva mAnava nInu

      and so on…..

    • Very true Pradeep. What if tomorrow some aliens find human meat very tasty and start slaughtering humans like how humans are slaughtering other animals for meat :)

  34. Really Sad… but also surprising how/why our people were so easily fooled though they had all the required things in abundance…. since same thing applies to Sanskrit -> English… East -> West culture

    sometimes I feel that this is the only way to live life the Jungle Kingdom “Survival of the Fittest” :( , since in historical scripts also either it is Huge War which have happened or some natural disasters which terminated everything…. to live the Satyuga everyone needs to be in sync with only good thoughts and still it will end one day… god knows whether there was or will be any such Satyuga…. sometimes i feel even nature itself is not in its own control… is it random….

      • Gurudev,

        here i am unable to understand as to why Robert Clive and Co. had to take such a step of slaughter houses, since the best step would have been to learn from india and make gaushals in their own country and continue/follow the practices which indians had done for years… i cant swallow such basic thought can’t come to these people minds… why they choose destruction or divide and rule… didn’t they think/realize harmony is the final goal…. since from childhood everyone any culture/language listens to stories which tell how by doing bad deeds or being greedy for power or anything hampers/destructs everything… still how can these people think of only such (wrong) alternatives… i am unable to understand… :(

        • Dear Sainath,

          Cultures also tell people not to encroach upon other’s properties as it is a bad deed. They tell people not to kill people of other culture.

          Did not the same British and other Europeans yet colonialize the entire world? Didnt they kill natives in so many places? What is the difference between ethnic cleansing of Hindus in Kashmir, and that of what these Europeans did in other parts of the world?

          What is surprising in them killing animals when they killed native humans in places like America and Australia with such cruelty.


          Hope you are able to undestand now ;-)

          • Yes I=Indian,

            I am also saying the same thing not just for cows but for humans as well…
            but what i am trying to put is though from childhood we(all of us) only(mostly) hear/listen about how to be good to society and do only good deeds and how bad deeds will fetch bad results etc… why is that humans after growing up tend to overlook this basic aspect and run after things which they have been warned off as not to do/indulge in all the time (any religion)… what makes them think that by overpowering/dominating others only.. they will be happy and do good for their country men…. though right from the word go we hear/listen to stories scripts which tell exactly against it….

            I hope i am able to put clearly now…

        • Sainath,
          They went to different parts of the world to colonize it and to stamp their authority there. We today conversing in English is one of such direct impacts :)

          We should remember that before the British era, India was a great exporter to rest of the world, especially its agricultural products like spices apart from diamonds, handicrafts, silk, muslins, shawls etc. Conquering a country militarily is one thing, but conquering culturally is a different game altogether. Most of the time in this case the local culture would be completely destroyed as it happened in America, Australia etc. But in the case of India it is an absorbing culture, the ancient vedic culture had absorbed all the invasions into itself without getting destroyed and had given all the invading cultures the flavor of Indianization starting from the ancient Greeks, to Mughals to the British.

          However, anything that is weak is vulnerable atleast to some extent and so we had partial impacts like the one mentioned in this article, and then the partition of India, etc.

  35. Hi Gurudev.I am a regular reader of your articles.They are very informative and useful.
    Regarding this cow slaughter in India I was very angry against the politicians and muslims.But one of my Guru told me that Its our people(Hindus) who are culprits.Muslims dont rear cow nor do they worship it.If Hindus stop selling the cow to them how will they slaughter them.Its a hindu who sells his old cow(sometimes young one also) in order to earn some penny.
    Hi Gurudev do have any solution to this?

    • Yes Raj, greed transcends all religion, especially the greed for money. Our country is so corrupt that people are ready to sell anything in return for a few bucks. So it would be wrong to blame any particular religion. Only solution would be to educate the future generations.

  36. Sorry Gurudev… posting comments before reading complete article for obvious reason.. articles are good by default… just thought of sharing info

    One day a program on Ayurveda(Science of healthy longevity) and Human anatomy was explained in detail. In short- “Human anotomy is of herbivorous”. Digged sites and got this beautiful link which is in synch with program I viewed http://donuts56.umwblogs.org/2009/04/17/the-human-herbivore/

    Tail piece: We are what we consume (either to stomach or to brain)….

  37. Hey,

    What sort of crap are you trying to do??? Seriously I don’t understand. First know the facts and then spread it in your blog. Muslims eat beef from time immemorial(that is from the time islam started ;)). And if people want you to eat beef, fucked up ppl like you can’t stop it. We live in a democratic country and people have the choice on what to EAT, wear and say. So I don’t mind, you telling all sorts of crap. But know the facts before you state them. Of course u are gettin ur facts from Baba Ramdev(as though he’s gonna say everyone feast on Beef). Also did u notice a interesting pattern. All the BJP ruled states have banned it. HINDUTVA agenda. Superb!!!!

    • What has been stated here are facts and not just a direct discourse form Baba Ramdev’s speech. I only got to know the fact that Mughals had banned cow slaughter from Baba Ramdev’s speech. And I started digging up from there. You can verify all the historical and social facts stated here.

      In this very same democratic country where people can eat and do whatever they want, why is sale of meat and liquor banned on Gandhi Jayanti throughout the country? Dont people have the right to eat and drink whatever they want on that day? ;)

      By the way please refrain from using offensive words. It does no good in proving any point. Also from when did Jammu & Kashmir become a BJP ruled state? :)

      • Liquor sale is banned throughout India on Gandhi Jayanthi (I believe so!), but not meat sale. You can get meat anyday in Kerala. At Bangalore, last Gandhi Jayanthi I could buy meat products, though some retail chains such as Reliance fresh were not selling on that day.

    • Muslims might be eating cows since time immemorial in remaining parts of the world. But isnt it surprising to learn that Mughals were more secular and provided equal rights to all than today’s democracy?

      What democracy are you talking about today?
      Secularism today means to subsidize Haj and Tax Manas Sarovar yatris. Is this a democracy? If you assault a Hindu basher then you call them communal and lecture about freedom of speech, but when Taslima Nasreen gets assaulted and kicked out of the country and when you ban Satanic Verses its called respecting minority sentiments. Shouldnt majorities have any sentiments? When Kashmiri Pandits get killed in thousands there is no democracy for them.

      And then the constitution talks about equality to all citizens, yet I dont get an engineering seat even if I have scored 80%, but somebody with 60% score gets that seat because he belongs to a so called backward caste. It doesnt matter whether that somebody else is 100 times rich than me. This is your democracy. What is the difference between caste discrimination in medieval India and caste discrimination in today’s democracy India, except that the discriminated castes are reversed?

      If you want to see what really a democracy means then come to US. This is one country which is truly secular and respects talent irrespective of their caste or creed and that is the reason why it is a superpower for centuries. Many of those Indians who write comments here will be either working for an American company or on some american project. And that is not without any reason.

      What democracy are you talking about where the law applied to you depends on your religion? Why isn’t the law same to all humans? Does the definition of crime vary based on which religion you belong to? If I am a Hindu and get second marriage then I will be jailed, but if I am a muslim then it is no crime to do so. This nonsense you call democracy? And you call the party communal when it demands Uniform Civil Code.

      And what is the kind of administration you have in your democracy. From birth certficates to death certificates you have to pay bribe. Mulayams, Lalloos, Mayawatis are your democratic leaders. Every politician, bureaucrat, police all are busy making money. You pay a bribe to a traffic police and get out in that democracy. Corruption cases get closed only after the accused politician dies.

      Crores of rupees are spent on the security of Kasab who killed hundreds of people ruthlessly. Even decades after the country’s Apex court announcing death sentence to a terrorist he is still alive. Great democracy. If Mahatma Gandhi was alive, he would have gone on a fasting till death today and yet nobody would care in this country.

      • I do totally agree with you. There must be no reservation based on religion or caste. Mandel commission was to be finished by 1970 i think. But instead now the quotas are rather increasing. Even i got got good rank in my entrance exams, but the guy who spent life enjoying while I was studying hard, though his rank was 10k lesser than me, he got into a better college. Just because he was a SC. What sort of justice is this????

        And on the previous comment I made. Just that we must not restrict people on what we eat. We live in a democratic country and other people must respect it. And seriously whats wrong in eating beef on Gandhi Jayanti???

        • Test!

          Somehow you appear to have given up on your original point. However, you try to imply that democracy does not apply for muslims and so they do not respect the belief system (holy cow) of Hindus in India and so does not have to stop killing cows being muslims.

          It also implies that you are telling the Hindus to keep the cow as long as it ‘survives’ and then sell it to muslims for a family meal.

          The very fact that the invasion of muslims and British in India has changed the psyche of Hindus being helpless, has converted a social change into an advantage for the muslims. They both, hand in hand, has successfully destroyed the Holy Cow into Whole Meal Cow.

          • Muslims don’t have to “tell” Hindus; greedy Hindus voluntarily want to cut down costs and hence mercilessly sell old cows.

      • So US is a true democratic country, huh? It is bribe free too?
        Democracy exists where all the citizens needs are taken care of. For an eg. can US Health care be considered truly democratic? I believe US is a country which is driven by corporates.

        Watch Sicko, documentary by michael moore, to understand US healthcare. Food Inc is another

    • Muslims do not eat beef, I quote

      Milk is “healing,” ghee is “medicine,” and beef is “disease.” – The Prophet Muhammad (??? ???? ???? ? ???)

      Meat eating is “allowed” as Islam came out of the desert. Muslims take their Quran very seriously. If Meat eating was “banned” many would have died of Hunger in the desert :-).

      There is PROHIBITION OF MEAT in Quran. One is not supposed to eat meat when on Pilgrimage. They have to a pure vegetarian.

      Meat was just “allowed” maybe so that devout muslims don’t die of Hunger if there was a drought or they got stuck in a desert.

      But also MAYBE, just like Christianity Unofficially allowed Pork(even though it is banned, Jews follow the Bible and don’t eat pork, Seventh Day Adventists are Pure vegetarians) so that they could Convert Pagans who were “addicted” to pork and Beef.

      • Thank you very much for that valuable information rawraj, Yes, you are right that eating meat in desert areas where vegetation is sparse is the only means of survival. Infact, depending on the local geography many cultures classify what is vegetarian and what is non-vegetarian. For instance, in coastal regions fish is considered to be a vegetarian food, and so going by that definition vegetarianism means developing a food culture with minimal possible animal violence. And as you rightly said, when there are other alternatives in the form of plant food available, it is a correct measure by religions texts to have banned animal food in such instances.

        • Agree. We should make best efforts not to use animals and their products to satisfy our need and greed. Going vegan is quite possible these days and I hope more and more people become vegans.

    • you r saying as if any human  can eat any human anytime he wants…..i think that is your definition of democracy but according to me the definition of democracy is self restrain and self reliance.It is a crime even if we kill an animal for our greed not just cows and for your kind information we grow more food than our requirement it is just that is does not reaches to the poor.

      importance of cow 
      it provides us with excellent fertilizer i.e cow dung and urine which contains all the micro nutrients essential for growth of crops whereas artificial fertilizers have basically 3 nutrients NPK  also urine i.e desi cows urine is a very good worldwide known pesticide 

      it provides us milk butter ghee all very important suppliments 

      also the most important one is that cattles can solve or petroleum deficiency problem because there excreta can produce the alternative bio gas or gobar gas..on which vehicles  can run on it acts as cooking gas also…but we don’t use our resources but sadly copy western civilization

      for me not even cow but every single animal and birds we are killing should be protected by law and moral values of mankind

      • Very true, Man is the only animal which eats even when not hungry. The animals like Lions, Tigers, Leopards etc whom we call “wild” do not even harm a deer or a buffalo passing right next to it when they are not hungry. So by definition man is the wildest of all animals, who not only kills (not hunts) other animals for his food, but also kills them for entertainment (Bull fight etc), kills them to use their skin (leather accessories), jails them for life time in cages with barely any space to move around (in the form of zoos and pets) and so on.

  38. Thanks Venkatesh, most of the information I got from a discourse by Baba Ramdevji which I saw on a TV channel. Then verified them by going through a couple of books and links. Have added the references accordingly.


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