Home Keyboard Music Notations Articles Western Notations Guide for Keyboard and Piano Notes

Western Notations Guide for Keyboard and Piano Notes

In this website, music notations are available in both Western Notations format (CDEFGAB) as well as classical Indian notations (Saregama) form. This is the western notations guide of HitXP. For the classican Indian notations format, please seeĀ classical Indian carnatic notation guide.

Western Notations Labels of an Octave

Below is the keys in an octave with the western notations label. The 7 white keys are C,D,E,F,G,A and B. The black keys are C#,D#,F#,G#,A#.

So in the song notations, in every place you see a C you need to press the first key of the octave. If you see D#, you need to press the second black key of the octave and so on.

Western Music Notations Guide – Octave Keys to Western Notations Mapping

Octave Number Recognition using Note Color

Now that we know which letter represents which note in an octave, we need a mechanism to understand which octave the note should be played in. As we can see in the above image, an octave has 12 keys (7 white keys and 5 black keys).

An electronic keyboard (synthesizer) will usually have anywhere between three to seven octaves. A piano will usually have 88 keys (7 octaves + 4 additional keys).

In HitXP.com we use color coded notations to represent octave numbers. In other words, the color of the notation text tells us which octave to play that note in.

Usually for most songs, 3 octaves are more than enough to play them. So we call them, the lower octave, the middle octave and the upper octave. Very rarely, two more octaves might be required. One below the lower octave, and one above the upper octave.

Color Coded Octave Notations used in HitXP

As you can see above, in the notations of HitXP.com, each octave is represented by a color as follows:

  • C C# D D# E F F# G G# A B for Lower Octave
  • C C# D D# E F F# G G# A B for Middle Octave
  • C C# D D# E F F# G G# A B for Upper Octave
  • C C# D D# E F F# G G# A B for Lower Lower Octave ie one octave below lower octave
  • C C# D D# E F F# G G# A B for Upper Upper Octave ie one octave above upper octave

Indian Notations to Western Notations Mapping

Carnatic Music Notations Guide – Octave Keys in Indian Notations

Below is a mapping from Indian to Western notations in this website:

Indian NotationWestern Notation
SC
rC#
RD
gD#
GE
MF
mF#
PG
dG#
DA
nA#
NB

The above notations are the same for all octaves.

Alternate Indian Notation System to Western Notations

Below is the old Indian notation format that was used in this website, but is not used any more. So this is useful only if you find this format used on any other website in the internet and want to understand the mapping to western notations. Otherwise, you can ignore rest of this article.

HitXP Music Notations Guide for Classical Carnatic / Hindustani Music Sheets

Middle Octave – Keyboard / Piano Notation Symbols mapping Indian to Western System

Below is a mapping of the middle octave notations from classical Indian system to the corresponding Western Notations.

SwaraOctave Key Position Carnatic NotationWestern Notation
Sa1st white keysC
Ri1st black keyr1C#
2nd white keyr2D
2nd black keyr3D#
Ga2nd white keyg1D
2nd black keyg2D#
3rd white keyg3E
Ma4th white keym1F
3rd black keym2F#
Pa5th white keypG
Da4th black keyd1G#
6th white keyd2A
5th black keyd3A#
Ni6th white keyn1A
5th black keyn2A#
7th white keyn3B

Higher Octave – Keyboard / Piano Notation Symbols mapping Indian to Western System

Below is a mapping of the higher octave notations from classical Indian system to the corresponding Western Notations.

SwaraOctave Key Position Carnatic NotationWestern Notation
Sa1st white keySC+
Ri1st black keyR1C#+
2nd white keyR2D+
2nd black keyR3D#+
Ga2nd white keyG1D+
2nd black keyG2D#+
3rd white keyG3E+
Ma4th white keyM1F+
3rd black keyM2F#+
Pa5th white keyPG+
Da4th black keyD1G#+
6th white keyD2A+
5th black keyD3A#+
Ni6th white keyN1A+
5th black keyN2A#+
7th white keyN3B+

Lower Octave – Keyboard / Piano Notation Symbols in Indian Carnatic System

Below is a mapping of the lower octave notations from classical Indian system to the corresponding Western Notations.

SwaraOctave Position Carnatic NotationWestern Notation
Sa1st white keysC-
Ri1st black keyr1C#-
2nd white keyr2D-
2nd black keyr3D#-
Ga2nd white keyg1D-
2nd black keyg2D#-
3rd white keyg3E-
Ma4th white keym1F-
3rd black keym2F#-
Pa5th white keypG-
Da4th black keyd1G#-
6th white keyd2A-
5th black keyd3A#-
Ni6th white keyn1A-
5th black keyn2A#-
7th white keyn3B-
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Gurudevhttps://www.hitxp.com
Gurudev is the developer of Gurunudi AI Platform. This is his official website where he pens his thoughts on a wide range of topics, answers queries, shares resources and tools developed by him.

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