Guide to Convert Classical Indian Notations to Western Notations

To understand the classican Indian notations used in this website ie saregama format, please see classical indian carnatic notation guide.

HitXP Notation Guide – Indian Notations to Western Notations

This is a guide mapping the keys from classical Indian notations to Western notations for the benefit of those visitors who can only understand the western notations. Also note that, all notations in this website are also available in western notations format in the notations pages. So, this guide is useful only if you want to understand the mapping between the two music systems i.e Carnatic / Indian and Western.

Western Music Notations Guide – Octave Keys to Western Notations Mapping
Carnatic Music Notations Guide – Octave Keys to Indian Notations Mapping

As you can see in the above two images, the mapping from Indian to Western notations in this website is as follows:

Indian NotationWestern Notation
SC
rC#
RD
gD#
GE
MF
mF#
PG
dG#
DA
nA#
NB

The above notations are the same for all octaves. The lower octave notations will in addition have a — sign below the note. The higher or upper octave will in addition have a + sign below the note. The middle octave notations will not have any sign below the note.

Alternate Indian Notation System to Western Notations

Below is the old Indian notation format that was used in this website, but is not used any more. So this is useful only if you find this format used on any other website in the internet and want to understand the mapping to western notations. Otherwise, you can ignore rest of this article.

HitXP Music Notations Guide for Classical Carnatic / Hindustani Music Sheets

Middle Octave – Keyboard / Piano Notation Symbols mapping Indian to Western System

Below is a mapping of the middle octave notations from classical Indian system to the corresponding Western Notations.

SwaraOctave Key Position Carnatic NotationWestern Notation
Sa1st white keysC
Ri1st black keyr1C#
2nd white keyr2D
2nd black keyr3D#
Ga2nd white keyg1D
2nd black keyg2D#
3rd white keyg3E
Ma4th white keym1F
3rd black keym2F#
Pa5th white keypG
Da4th black keyd1G#
6th white keyd2A
5th black keyd3A#
Ni6th white keyn1A
5th black keyn2A#
7th white keyn3B

Higher Octave – Keyboard / Piano Notation Symbols mapping Indian to Western System

Below is a mapping of the higher octave notations from classical Indian system to the corresponding Western Notations.

SwaraOctave Key Position Carnatic NotationWestern Notation
Sa1st white keySC+
Ri1st black keyR1C#+
2nd white keyR2D+
2nd black keyR3D#+
Ga2nd white keyG1D+
2nd black keyG2D#+
3rd white keyG3E+
Ma4th white keyM1F+
3rd black keyM2F#+
Pa5th white keyPG+
Da4th black keyD1G#+
6th white keyD2A+
5th black keyD3A#+
Ni6th white keyN1A+
5th black keyN2A#+
7th white keyN3B+

Lower Octave – Keyboard / Piano Notation Symbols in Indian Carnatic System

Below is a mapping of the lower octave notations from classical Indian system to the corresponding Western Notations.

SwaraOctave Position Carnatic NotationWestern Notation
Sa1st white keysC-
Ri1st black keyr1C#-
2nd white keyr2D-
2nd black keyr3D#-
Ga2nd white keyg1D-
2nd black keyg2D#-
3rd white keyg3E-
Ma4th white keym1F-
3rd black keym2F#-
Pa5th white keypG-
Da4th black keyd1G#-
6th white keyd2A-
5th black keyd3A#-
Ni6th white keyn1A-
5th black keyn2A#-
7th white keyn3B-
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